Disinfection byproducts and related compounds in the coastal zone: a preliminary compilation

Paper ID: 
Marine environment and coastal management
Published under CEST2021
Proceedings ISBN: 978-618-86292-1-9
Proceedings ISSN: 2944-9820
Alexandropoulou S., (Corresponding) Nikolaou A., Vagi M.
Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are formed whenever disinfectant ingredients contact organic matter. Due to widespread increase in production and use of disinfectants and antiseptics, the presence of their ingredients in coastal environments is increasing. However, very limited scientific literature is available in regard to the occurrence of DBPs and related compounds in the coastal zone and in particularly in seawater. In this context, the aim of this preliminary complilation is to outline the main up-to-date findings and raise awareness on their increasing occurrence in coastal environments. Sampling and analysis of marine samples in the USA, Spain, China, Taiwan, Malaisia, Korea, Kuwait and Hong-Kong revealed the presence of several categories of DBPs and related compounds in coastal environments, with the highest levels being detected in urban areas, probably related to the nearby wastewater treatment plants. The investigations considered in this preliminary compilation, report the detection of DBPs and related compounds as well as the formation of toxic brominated and iodinated DBPs in high levels due to chlorination of wastewater, especially after use of seawater for flushing in toilets. New DBP groups have also been detected, namely halogenated phenolic DBPs and halopyrroles.
DBPs, synthetic antimicrobials, personal care products, seawater, coastal environment